Bangladesh is situated in the eastern part of South Asian sub-continent. The country is bordered by India on the east, west and north, and by the Bay of Bengal and a small border strip with Myanmar on the south.
Bangladesh has a land area of about 1,47,570 square Kilometers (56,977 sq. miles). Itís alluvial plains provide fertile agriculture lands. The land-mass is deltaic comprising mainly the delta of three mighty rivers the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Meghna, with a network of numerous rivers and canals. Vast green fields are bounded by low hills in the north east and the south east with a average elevation of 244 and 610 meters respectively. The highest point is located in the south eastern extremity of Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Social life in Bangladesh is marked by varied culture tradition and communal harmony. The population of the country stands at around 133.4 Million. Around 75 percent of the people live in rural areas and 60 percent of the people depend on Agriculture for their livelihood. Rice and fish are common diet. Lungis and vetss are the usual attire for men in the rural areas as opposed to shirts and trousers in the urban areas. Sarees are the common dress for womenfolk. There are about 2 million tribal people, the majority of whom live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The tribes have distinct cultures of their own
Language & Literature
Bangla or Bengali is the official language of Bangladesh. English is widely used in education and business. Arabic is also read, understood and studied by many. Bangla is spoken by more than 200 million people throughout the world.
The four major religions in the country are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. The Muslims constitute about 88.3% of the population and the Hindus about 10.5%.The rest comprise mainly of Buddhists, Christians and animists. The Constitution guarantees religions and cultural freedom to all citizens of Bangladesh
Anniversaries and Festivals
Anniversaries, Fairs and Festivals play a vital part in the social life of ordinary Bangladeshis. The biggest religious festival is Eid-ul-Fitr. Other Muslim festivals include Eid-ul-Azha, Eid-e-Milandunnabi, Muharram and Shab-e-Barat. Widely celebrated festivals of other communities include Durga Puja of the Hindus, Christmas of the Christians and Budda Purnima of the Buddhists. Among the non-religious anniversaries, Bengali New Yearís Day (Pahela Baishakh, on 14 April), Language Martyrsís day (on 21 February, now celebrated world-wide as International Mother Language Day), Independence and National day (26 March), National Revolution and Solidarity Day (7 November) and Victory Day are observed nation wide.
Description of National Flag
The national flag is the bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of length to width 10:6 bearing a red circle on the body of the green. The red circle has a radius of one fifth of the length of the flag. Its centre is placed on the intersecting point of the perpendicular drawn from the nine-twentieth part of the length of the flag and the horizontal line drawn through the middle of its width.
The background color symbolises the greenery of Bangladesh with its vitality and youthfulness while the red disc represents the rising sun of independence after the dark night of a blood drenched struggle.