The Bhawal Estate, the largest and oldest zamindari in East Bengal, was born in the late seventeenth century. This zamindar family received the title of Roy and Raja from the British government in 18. The center of this zamindari was Joydebpur. Ramendra Narayan Roy, the heir of the zamindari, went to Darjeeling in April 1909 for treatment along with his wife Bibhavati Devi, brother-in-law Satyendranath Bandyopadhyay and a group of employees.
At one stage, news reached the Bhawal Estate that the ailing Ramendra Narayan had died in Darjeeling and was cremated there. Ramendra Narayans wife, brother-in-law and others returned to the country. About eleven years later, in 1920, Ramendra Narayan appeared in Dhaka as a monk. Although many people recognized him, at first the king kept his identity secret.
But those who recognized him took the monastic king to Bhawale in 1922. The king announces his true identity. But the royal family refused to accept him as Ramendra Narayan. They claim that Ramendra Narayan died in Darjeeling in 1909 and was cremated there.
The monk Ramendra remained steadfast in his demand for inheritance. But even his wife refused to accept his identity. In the end the case was filed. In 1935, Ramendra Narayan filed the inheritance case in the Dhaka Judges Court. Ramendra claimed in court that he was the victim of a conspiracy by his brother-in-law Satyendranath and family doctor Ashutosh Dasgupta.
Ramendra Narayan claimed that he was taken to Darjeeling for conspiracy to treat syphilis. The brother-in-law and others poisoned him and planned to burn him quickly in the dark of night. Shortly after being poisoned, Ramendra was pronounced dead and taken to the crematorium for cremation.
But when the hailstorm started suddenly, the rented domra left Ramendra. Ramendra regained some consciousness in the rain. At that time, a group of monks saw him lying in this condition while passing by the crematorium and picked him up. Although the king survived in the service of the monks, he lost his memory in response to the poison.
Then from 1909 to 1920 Ramendra traveled with those monks. When he came to Dhaka from Chittagong with the monks in 1920, his memory suddenly came back. Then Ramendra Narayan planned to end his monastic life and started living on one side of Buckland Dam in Sadarghat.
After taking evidence for a long time, the judge ruled on December 2, 1936 that the monk was Kumar Ramendra Narayan Roy, a co-partner of the Bhawal kingdom. But his wife Bibhavati did not accept the verdict and appealed to the high court.
The Calcutta High Court upheld the verdict of the district judge. The Bhawal Sannyasi case was very important in the newspapers of that time. Even after the disposal of this case, songs, songs, travelogues, dramas and films were the subject of this stirring story of Bhawal kingdom.